Against Poland, the EU is preparing for a procedure unprecedented sanctions

In Brussels, it was long compared this procedure a penalty on the button of the” nuclear weapon “, which was supposed to exist primarily as a deterrent. But today, the european commission is preparing to press it, because of its judicial reforms that are controversial in Poland, which can call into question the balance of powers.A pressure that is above all symbolicof The european executive could be activated this Wednesday, December 20, article 7 of the treaty of the EU against Poland, after having repeatedly threatened to do so for a little over a year. Never used, this procedure may in principle lead at the end of several steps on a suspension of the voting rights of a country within the Council of the EU, which is bringing together the 28 member States.The appointment in Poland of a new prime minister, Mateusz Morawiecki, to soften the government’s image, there will be nothing done. The latter, on the occasion of his first european summit on 14 and 15 December, is a reason. ” It is, of course, their jurisdiction (…) But between the start of such a procedure unjust in our regard and its conclusion, we will discuss certainly several times with our partners “, he commented.To read : In Poland, a prime minister to soften the image of the executiveprocedural LogjamThe new head of the government has reason to be confident. Because this procedure of punishment has little chance of success, if not an impasse. Assuming that section 7 be triggered, the first step is to ” determine the existence of a clear risk “ against the rule of law in Poland, with the agreement of 22 countries.The European Parliament has already set itself the objective of participating in this demonstration by ordering a detailed report. To go even further up to the sanctions, the procedure requires a unanimous vote or agreement of the 27 countries covered with the exception of Poland. No chance that things get to this point : Hungary has already indicated that it would be an obstacle.Patient dismantling of the justiceDuring this time, the ruling party, the PiS, continuing its reform objectives. Last episode in date, the revision of the rules governing the national electoral commission, the supreme body for independent monitoring of the legality of the national elections as local.The Polish Parliament has reduced the powers of the Commission for the benefit of the minister of the interior. The reform has immediately been criticised by the current president of the institution, Wojciech Hermelinski, who sees it as an extension of the prerogatives of the executive to the detriment of the judiciary.Read : Poland, arm-wrestle at the summit on the reform of justice,The Polish government has also launched a deep resume in the hands of the supreme Court and the national Council of the judiciary. From the point of view of the Polish government, it is to clean up a judiciary that is described as a ” caste “ corrupted and re-start the mechanical judicial, considered to be blocked. ” I am firmly convinced that the sovereign States – and Europe must be a Europe of sovereign States have an absolute right to reform their judicial systems “, defended the new Polish Prime minister Mateusz Morawiecki. ” The inefficiency of the justice Polish has become legendary even in Europe. “The card of the financial pressuresTo be more persuasive, the commission intends at the same time to hit Poland in the wallet. The eu executive has already launched an infringement procedure that could lead to financial penalties for the reform of the courts of common law Polish. Worse, Warsaw faces a fiscal cliff, while the discussions are approaching on the european funding in the period 2020-2026.Over the period 2014-2020, Poland has benefited from € 86 billion of structural funds (cohesion fund + european social fund). A help that will be necessarily reduced, while the departure of the United Kingdom, the fact of Brexit, will result in a loss for the european coffers. France and Germany have already expressed their desire to condition the disbursement of the cohesion fund in respect of the rule of law.This map of financial pressures, however, is to handle, too, with caution : it could strengthen the government, and the Polish opinion with him, in a posture of victim, calling to mind the populism.Read : Emmanuel Macron is trying to maintain the link with the Polish government

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